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Open Research

Introduces the open research movement, and goes into more detail about different aspects of this movement, including open access.

Publishing open access

There are several ways to publish open access, as explained in both our open access guide, and in the University's open access guidance. Here at Essex, we encourage research to be made open wherever possible, whether this be via the Green, Gold, or Diamond route. While the University of Essex does not have a central fund for open access publishing, this page highlights ways to make your work open access at no extra cost and the different open access copyright licence options available.

  • Green open access: Upload your AAM (author’s accepted manuscript) to the institutional repository. For your publication to be REF eligible, this needs to be done within three months of acceptance for publication.
  • Gold / hybrid open access: Take advantage of deals with publishers to make your work open access. Under these deals (known as 'read and publish deals', or 'transformative deals'), University of Essex researchers can publish gold open access for no added fee, as the APC is covered by the agreement. Alternatively, if your work is UKRI funded, our UKRI fund may be able to cover the APC.
  • Diamond open access: Publish your work in a diamond open access journal, where there are no charges to publish.
  • Open access copyright licencesWhen publishing open access, there are several licences you can assign to your work. Read on to learn more about these licences, and how each affects how your work can be reused and shared.

Increasingly, many research funders require work to be published open access. There are several tools that can help with complying with funder policies:

  • Sherpa Juliet allows you to check up-to-date information concerning funders' policies and their requirements on open access, publication and data archiving.
  • Sherpa Fact provides clear guidance to researchers on whether a journal complies with a funder's open access policies.
  • Sherpa Romeo provides summaries of publisher copyright and open access archiving policies on a journal-by-journal basis.
  • If your research is funded by a cOAlition S funder, you can use the Journal Checker Tool to check compliance.

If you are unsure about any open access requirements, do get in touch.

Publishing open access is not limited to funded research, so whether open access is a requirement for you or not do read on to find out how to make your work open access so you can enjoy the many benefits this can bring

Gold / hybrid open access

Publishing your work via the gold route means that the final version of your work is made freely available via the publisher's website. In order to fund this, an article processing charge (APC) is required. In fully gold open access journals, all work in those journals is freely available online. In hybrid journals, some research will be made open access through an APC payment, whilst other papers will remain behind a paywall.

The University of Essex does not have a central fund for APC payments, meaning you must have appropriate funding for this. The cost of APCs varies, but is often between £1500-£2000. If your research is UKRI funded, you may be able to receive funds from the UKRI's open access grant for your APC. Please contact our repository team for more information. Alternatively, gold open access can also be achieved with no added costs by publishing under our newly signed read and publish deals. Read on to find out more.

Read and publish deals (also known as "transformative deals") have evolved as a result of changes in the open access landscape. In particular, these changes have been brought about by Plan S. Read and publish deals are blanket agreements with academic publishers that cover both the subscription to the journal (the "read" aspect), and the open access publishing cost (the "publish" aspect). These deals therefore allow authors from the University of Essex to publish gold open access at no extra cost, regardless of whether their work is funded.

At Essex, we offer range of deals with several publishers. Select the publisher tabs to find out more about these deals, and how to make use of them.

You may also come across transformative journals when looking to publish open access. Transformative journals are subscription/hybrid journals that do not fall under transformative agreements, but which have committed to becoming fully open access.  Unlike when publishing under a transformative agreement, authors are not eligible for free open access publishing in transformative journals. However, Plan S funded authors may be able to use their block grants for APC payments in these journals. Plan S funded researchers can use the Journal Checker Tool to check compliant routes for open access publishing. If you are unsure about this, please do get in touch.

Our read and publish deal with Cambridge University Press allows you to make your publication open access in gold and hybrid CUP journals at no extra cost to you. To be eligible, you must be a corresponding author, and must be accepted for publication in one of these CUP journals. You must also have been accepted for publication between 1 January 2021, and 31 December 2024.

In order to use this deal, you must use your institutional affiliation when you submit your research. For more information about the submission process, head to CUP’s read and publish agreement page.

If you have any questions about this or any of our other read and publish deals, please do get in touch with the Library, or the Repository Team.

A new read and publish deal with De Gruyter has created an opportunity for University of Essex researchers to publish open access for no added fees in De Gruyter hybrid journals. Under this deal, the University has access to a national pot of waived article processing charges (APCs), which will be used on a first-come first-served basis.

If you are a corresponding author publishing in a De Gruyter hybrid journal, we would encourage you publish open access. Using your affiliated institutional email address on submission with De Gruyter means they will automatically check on acceptance if the publishing fee is covered by the deal. Head to De Gruyter's website for more information on their submission process. If you have any further questions, please email our Repository Team.

As part of a new read and publish deal, there is now an opportunity to publish research and review articles at no extra cost in over 400 Oxford University Press (OUP) fully open access and hybrid journals. Open access publishing will be uncapped until December 2021.

Corresponding authors from Essex submitting to an OUP journal should use their institutional email address on submission, and list the University of Essex as their affiliation. Following this, on acceptance you will receive an email from OUP with a link to their online licencing and payment system. Head to OUP’s website for further guidance on what to do from there. If you have any questions about this, please email our Repository Team.

A deal with PLOS allows unlimited publishing in ten PLOS journals for authors at the University of Essex. These include: PLOS Computational Biology, PLOS Pathogens, PLOS Genetics, PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases and PLOS ONE. In 2021, PLOS launched five new journals, expanding the publishing opportunities for authors from Essex. These journals include: PLOS Global Public Health, PLOS Digital Health, PLOS Water, PLOS Sustainability and Transformation, and PLOS Climate.

Eligible authors are identified through PLOS’s submission system. As the agreement is for uncapped publishing no approval check is required. More information can be found on PLOS' website, and please do contact us or the Repository Team if you have any questions.

PLOS is a purely open access publisher, meaning this deal does not include a 'read' element as all PLOS content is freely available online.

A deal with SAGE allows corresponding authors to publish eligible articles open access with the article processing charge (APC) waived in over 900 hybrid journals. Those publishing an eligible article in the IMechE Journal Collection and the Royal Society of Medicine Collection can also be published open access as part of this agreement. In addition to this, we are also able to take advantage of a discount on APCs when publishing in SAGE gold open access journals.

If you are a corresponding author publishing in a SAGE hybrid journal, we would encourage you to request open access publishing. If your research is UKRI funded, we can cover the APC for gold open access publishing. If you have any further questions, please email our Repository Team.

A new read and publish deal with the publisher Springer allows corresponding authors to publish open access in over 2000 Springer hybrid journals with the APC waived. There is a national limit on the number of articles that can be made open access under this deal, and this will be allocated on a first come first served basis. However, the limit will be closely monitored by Springer throughout the duration of the deal.

If you have an article accepted with a Springer hybrid journal, you will need to identify yourself as an eligible author by either selecting your institution, using your institutional email address, or by completing the form while within the University of Essex’s network. The request then comes through to our Repository Team, who decide whether to approve the application. More information can be found on Springer’s website, and you can also get in touch if you have any questions.

A new read and publish deal with Taylor and Francis allows Essex researchers to make their work open access at no extra cost to themselves. This deal covers publication in all T&F Open Select hybrid journals, which includes 2,300 subscription journal titles. (To find out if a journal is Open Select, use the T&F open access cost finder.) 

To access this deal, corresponding authors should use their affiliated institutional email address on submission. Upon acceptance, articles will be considered for open access publication under this agreement. Once funding is approved by the University, you will receive an email asking you to select the Creative Commons licence of your choice. Please note that most research funders require authors to choose Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY).

Visit the Taylor and Francis website for more information on publishing open access. If you have any further questions, please email our Repository Team.

There is currently an opportunity to publish open access with the publisher Wiley, due to a read and publish deal between JISC and Wiley. This means that there is a national pot of money available to researchers from across institutions to fund APCs for open access publishing, and we are able to use this money.

If you submit an article to a Wiley journal, and you are a corresponding author, you will see the option to use this deal after acceptance. The request then comes through to our Repository Team, who decide whether to approve the application. If you have any questions about this, please email our Repository Team. More information can also be found on Wiley's website.

Please note that from 1st July 2021 this agreement will be applicable to UKRI, Wellcome Trust and former COAF funded research articles only.

The below list gives information about some of the most recent research published open access as a result of our read and publish deals. Please note, this list is updated monthly.

  • Baker, K. G., & Geider, R. J. (2021). Phytoplankton mortality in a changing thermal seascape. Global Change Biology.
  • Conrad, J., Greene, K. T., Phillips, B. J., & Daly, S. (2021b). Competition from Within: Ethnicity, Power, and Militant Group Rivalry. Defence and Peace Economics, 1–16.
  • Costley, T., & Reilly, C. (2021). Methodological Principles for Researching Multilingually: Reflections on Linguistic Ethnography. TESOL Quarterly.
  • Filippetti, M. L. (2021). Being in Tune With Your Body: The Emergence of Interoceptive Processing Through Caregiver–Infant Feeding Interactions. Child Development Perspectives, 15(3), 182–188.
  • Hoekstra, J. (2021). Political barriers in the ratification of international commercial law conventions. Uniform Law Review.
  • Holmes, L., Watts-Overall, T. M., Slettevold, E., Gruia, D. C., Raines, J., & Rieger, G. (2021). Sexual Orientation, Sexual Arousal, and Finger Length Ratios in Women. Archives of Sexual Behavior.
  • Hughes, F. (2021). Relief and the Structure of Intentions in Late Palaeolithic Cave Art. The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 79(3), 285–300.
  • Moran, J., Cervera, V., Jones, B., Hope, E., Drury, B., & Sandercock, G. (2021). Can discreet performance banding, as compared to bio-banding, discriminate technical skills in male adolescent soccer players? A preliminary investigation. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching.
  • Savran Kızıltepe, R., Gan, J. Q., & Escobar, J. J. (2021). A novel keyframe extraction method for video classification using deep neural networks. Neural Computing and Applications.
  • Spencer, J. (2021). Understanding EAL: International Secondary School Teachers’ Experiences and Attitudes in Ukraine and Eastern Europe. Journal of Research in International Education, 20(2), 171–186.


See our reading list for more examples of research published open access as a result of read and publish deals.

Green open access

Following the green route to open access means depositing your work in a repository upon acceptance for publication. This can be an institutional repository, like the Essex Research Repository, or a subject-based or central repository, like PubMed or arXiv. The version made available via the repository will usually be the final pre-publication version, otherwise knows as the AAM (author accepted manuscript). To be REF-eligible, you must upload this version to the institutional repository within three months of acceptance. For more information, please visit the Research Repository.

Read on to see some examples of the recent research made available via the Essex Research Repository.

The below list gives information about the 10 most recent additions to the Essex Research Repository. Please note this list may include both green and gold open access.

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Diamond open access

Screenshot from DOAJ showing the filters for "journals" and "APCs"In Diamond open access publishing there is no fee for publishing. Diamond open access journals are often funded by organisations, institutions, or other initiatives. Whilst diamond open access often receives the least attention, as of July 2020, 73% of journals on the Directory of Open Access Journals database are Diamond open access.

A good way to find Diamond open access journals to publish in is to browse journals on the Directory of Open Access Journals, and then set the "Article Processing Charges" filter to "no" (see image).

The Essex Student Journal is an online multi-disciplinary academic journal, run by and for University of Essex students. It is a diamond open access journal, which means all papers are made openly available online, with no cost to the author or reader.

The Essex Student Journal encourages and celebrates student research by offering valuable early experience of academic publishing and the peer review process. The journal is dedicated to the publication of high-quality undergraduate and postgraduate writing and is committed to creating accessible and engaging content for a non-specialist readership.

If you would like to submit a paper for publication to the Essex Student Journal, head to our website for more information about submission guidelines, and the link to start a submission.

If you are interested in becoming a peer reviewer, please do apply on our website.  

Previous issues of the journal can also be found on our website dating back to 2015, so feel free to read some of the great work written by previous students at Essex who have published with us.

Open Access Copyright Licences

CC0 (No Right Reserved)

CC0 enables creators and owners of copyright to place their work as completely as possible in the public domain. This means that others may freely build upon, enhance and reuse the works for any purposes without restriction under copyright law.

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CC BY (Attribution)

This licence lets other distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licences offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licenced materials.

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CC BY-SA (Attribution-ShareAlike)

This licence lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. All new works based on yours will carry the same licence, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use.

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CC BY-ND (Attribution-NoDerivs)

This licence lets others reuse the work for any purpose, including commercially; however, it cannot be shared with others in adapted form,and credit must be provided to you.

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CC BY-NC (Attribution-NonCommercial)

This licence lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don't have to license their derivative works on the same terms.

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CC BY-NC-SA (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike)

This licence lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.

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CC BY-NC-ND (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs)

This licence is the most restrictive of the six main CC licences. It only allows others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.

Symbol for CC BY-NC-ND licence