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Referencing: General Guidance

General guidance to support you with referencing.


Search for available style guides by department:



In addition, make sure to check out Cite Them Right Online. This is a comprehensive referencing resource which will help you to cite and reference just about any source and to avoid plagiarism.

Have a go at our Referencing Tutorial

For an introduction to referencing, and to practice creating references, have a go at our online tutorial.

Link to referencing tutorial

Correct referencing is an essential component of academic writing. Referencing correctly shows that you have conducted relevant and thorough research. Referencing incorrectly can count as plagiarism.


  • Citation - a specific resource mentioned in the body of a document
  • Reference - enough detail about a resource to enable somebody to find the resource themselves
  • Plagiarism - leading your reader to believe someone else’s work has been created by you
  • Bibliography - a list of references at the end of a document
  • Style - the exact way in which references and citations are put into a document


You can use reference management software to manage your reference list and bibliography. More information on what this is and how to choose the right one for you can be found on our Search Skills guide.

The University centrally supports the use of EndNote. More information about using EndNote can be found on the IT Services web pages

The Library can offer support on using the following reference management software:

More Help

Visit Skills for Success for upcoming workshops that target your referencing skills.

You can also book a librarian for a 1-to-1 session on referencing. 

Pick up a book on referencing from one of our libraries.

Have a go at our online tutorial that guides you through referencing a book and a journal article.